On August 1, 2016, Ukraine reduced excise duty on used car imports. This was after Ukraine saw a massive drop in new car sales in 2015, with dealers reporting sales of only 50,932. Compare this to sales in 2013 of 213,322. This significant drop in sales was attributed to consumer uncertainty with the Hryvnia, whose value had continued to fall. Also, the high interest rates also discouraged those who would have opted to take loans to purchase cars. By the time the government chose to reduce taxes on used cars, more people were opting to delay car purchases or opting for used cars instead of buying new ones. This led to a rise in used car sales in Ukraine.
The period set aside for the tax reduction on used cars comes to an end on December 31, 2018. As this period comes to an end, car imports have continued to increase. Between January and September 2018, used car imports increased by 87%.
Conditions Set To Benefit From Low Excise Duty On Used Cars
- Import only one car per year.
- No resales allowed until the year elapses. Should you choose to resell the vehicle before the year comes to an end, the full tax applies.
- The tax reduction was restricted to cars manufactured after January 1, 2010.
- Reductions varied depending on the size of the engine.
|Engine type||Engine Size||Tax before reduction (EUR)||Tax after reduction (EUR)|
|Petrol||Up to 1 litre||1,094 per 1cc||0.012 per 1cc|
|Petrol||1 – 1.5litres||1,367 per 1cc||0.063 per 1cc|
|Petrol||1.5 – 2.2litres||1,643 per 1cc||0.267 per 1cc|
|Petrol||3l and above||3,329 per 1cc||2,209 per 1cc|
|Diesel||Up to 1.5litres||1,367 per 1cc||0.103 per 1cc|
|Diesel||1.5 – 2.5litres||1,923 per 1cc||0.327 per 1cc|
|Diesel||2.5l and above||2,779 per 1cc||2,209 per 1cc|
The Reasons Behind The Surge In Used Car Imports In Ukraine
Before the temporary reduction of excise duty, Ukraine used to see imports of about 1000 cars monthly. Between January and October 2017, used car imports rose to about 6000 every month. In October 2017 alone, used car imports were 7000. 123,000 used car sales in Ukraine were from imported vehicles in the first 10 months of the year 2017. Of these, 56,000 were used vehicles. The state received UAH 4.3 billion in excise duty from the used vehicles. Before the reduction in excise duty, Ukrainians were paying up to 90% the value of their used car sales in Ukraine in taxes. Until December 31, 2018, the tax burden is between 35% and 40% the value of the car.
Besides the reduced tax, between 2013 and 2016, many Ukrainians deferred purchasing cars. This was due to hard economic times. Interest rates were high, the currency was losing value and buying cars was a luxury during this period. However, the replacement of a car can only be deferred for so long. For example, a time comes when wear and tear forces one to replace their current car with another one, even if this car is actually another used one. The tax reduction made a choice easier for many Ukrainians.
- Importing Used or Salvage Vehicles from the United States into Iceland
- White Paper: Market Report for New and Used Cars Abroad
- Exporting Cars from the USA to Canada
- Exporting Cars from the USA to Ukraine
The excise duty was reduced temporarily between August 1, 2016, and December 31, 2018. Time is running out, and those who would like to benefit from the reduction are in a rush to beat the deadline. This is one of the main reasons for the increase in imports of used cars in the recent past.
Although it feels excellent buying a new car knowing you get to be the first one to cover the first mileage, Ukrainians probably realized there are some great low mileage used cars available in the market that could serve them well at a great price. Inflation did not make the situation any more comfortable. As a result, many Ukrainians were forced to make rational decisions when it came to their spending. This explains why the share of new cars dropped to 25% in April 2017 while that of used cars rose to 75%.
Popular Used Car Sales in Ukraine
Despite the reduction in excise duty for used cars, the increase in sales of used cars signifies a growing economy. Also, the Hryvnia has been more stable in the past couple of years. The purchasing power of Ukrainians has grown. Consumer confidence in used cars has also improved. Several Ukrainians have opted to buy used cars which are almost new, usually about 2 years old. However, it is not surprising to see many consumers purchase cars 6 years old or even older because they are cheaper. Some of the popular brands and models of used cars are;
- Volkswagen Passat B5
- Volkswagen Golf IV
- Audi A6
- Opel Vectra B
- Daewoo Lanos
- Chevrolet Aveo
- Renault Laguna
- Opel Astra G
- Renault Megane
- Skoda Octavia A5
In March 2018, 1,252 of the imported used cars which found their way to Ukraine roads were made by Volkswagen. Renault had 1,126 vehicles during the same period while Skoda had 696 cars. However, as the period of reduced excise duty draws to an end, more Ukrainians are hoping to beat the deadline by buying more used cars. Whichever brands or model of the used vehicles, Ukrainians have indeed found value in used cars as signified by the numbers imported in the past 2 years.